Male factor is a common cause of infertility and the male partner must be systematically evaluated in the workup of every infertile couple. Male infertility in recent years has been attracting increasing interest from the public due to the evidence in the decline in semen quantity and quality. Low sperm count is the most common cause of couple’s fertility problem although most of the recipient of fertility treatment are women. In fact, male factor is also the common cause of women undergoing IVF treatment. Improving male fertility first hand is often the most cost-effective way to become parents.
There are many factors contributing to male infertility including abnormal spermatogenesis; reproductive tract anomalies or obstruction; inadequate sexual and ejaculatory functions; and impaired sperm motility, imbalance in hormone levels, and immune system dysfunction. Once structural anomalies are ruled out, herbal medicine treatment can be used to improve male fertility. Herbal medicine system has been established over a very long time to treat various male problems including infertility, sexual dysfunction and hypogonadism. In Eastern countries, it is a firm popular choice on its own or combined with Western medicine.
Recent research and clinical studies of herbal medicine in treating male infertility show that herbal medicine treatment improved sperm motility, semen parameters and rebalanced inadequate hormone levels, and adjusted immune functions leading to the increased number of fertility. Further, herbal medicine treatment in combination with conventional therapies improved the efficacy of conventional treatments.